What Is Genetic Engineering in Food?
Genetic engineering is the development of desired traits in a plant or animal through gene transfer. Now, you’re probably asking yourself, “How is this different from the thousands of years of cross breeding that have been done in agriculture and the domestication of animals?” Cross breeding can only occur between closely related species, while genes from completely separate and unrelated species can be inserted into one another with genetic engineering techniques.
Seems pretty futuristic, right? But the reality is that 70% of processed foods in our supermarkets contain ingredients that have been genetically modified. So what’s the controversy with these foods? Critics take issue with the unintended environmental and public health consequences of some genetically engineered species. Continue reading